PGm. *stōda- n. ‘flock’ < PIE. *steh₂-dhh₁-o-. Further etymology uncertain. “Probably derived from the root *steh₂- v. 'to stand' with the suffix *-dhh₁-o-, for which cf. *kudja- 'flock' and *awidja- 'flock of sheep'. Close to OCS stado n. 'herd, flock' and Lith. stódas m. 'flock of horses'; also cf. Lith. stónė f. 'stable' < *steh₂-no-, which "may theoretically have been borrowed from Germanic, but there is no direct reason to think so" (GK). Guus Kroonen. "stōda-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. January 5, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=22563 >, Gr. στέαρ, στέατος n. ‘(standing) fat, tallow’ (RB) Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "στέαρ" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. June 14, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=9353 >
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
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