Lexeme – Details – PIE. *ḱerh₂- 'head, horn'

Lexeme

Transcription
PIE. *ḱerh₂- 'head, horn'
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
Alb. ka m. 'ox' < PAlb. *kaxa < IE *kes- v. 'to scratch, to cut' (Orel's etymology). However, Meyer connects Alb. ka with Lith. kárvė 'cow', PSl. *kòrva 'cow', etc.
AED, Occ. cervier m. 'lynx': compare OFr. lou-cervier, loup-cervier < Lat. lupus_cervarius 'lynx, woverine (?)' < cervarius 'pertaining to deer' < cervus m. 'stag, deer' < PItal. *ker(a)wo- 'horned animal, stag' < PIE. *ḱer(h₂)-uo- 'having horns', 1. PIE. *ḱerh₂- 'head, horn' ”Identical with several words for 'deer' and other horned animals... A parallel formation is the Germanic name of the deer... All words derive from a word for 'horn'." (RB) 2. PCelt. *karwo- m. ‘deer’ < PIE. *ḱer-n-, *ḱerh₂- 'horn' (IEW: 576) (RM) 3. Lat. cervus m. 'stag, deer' < PItal. *ker(a)wo- 'horned animal, stag' < PIE. *ḱer(h₂)-uo- 'having horns' (MDV). "Originally 'horned (animal)'; this derivative from 'horn' seems to be Italo-Celtic. The different ablaut grades (e/o/zero ) found in the root of the -u -derivative in the IE languages suggest that many forms were influenced by the noun ḱer-h₂- 'horn, bone'. " (MDV) 4. PSl. *kòrva f. 'cow' < BSl. *kórʔveʔ < PIE. *ḱorh₂-ueh₂ 1.
1. Ranko Matasović. "karwo-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. April 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16629 > 2. Michiel de Vaan. "cervus" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. April 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=12929 > 3. Rick Derksen. "kòrva" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. February 26, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=19127 >, PGm. *heruta- m. ‘stag, hart, deer’< PIE. *ḱr- 'horn'. "A formation created to the PIE root *ḱr- 'horn' with the Germanic animal suffix *-ut(a)-" (GK).
Guus Kroonen. "heruta-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. April 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=21382 >, PSl. *sьrna f. ‘roe deer’ < BSl. *śírʔnaʔ < PIE. *ḱrh₂-neh₂ / /”Other possible reconstructions are *ḱrH-neh₂, with the root of Lith. šérnas 'wild boar', šìrvas 'dapple-grey', and *srH-neh₂, cf. Lith. sar̃tas 'fox-red', Latv. sãrts 'reddish'. The anlaut of the Baltic forms is problematic. The existence of a Latvian variant sirna is uncertain.” (RD)
Rick Derksen. "sьrna" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 4, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=20064 >, BTch. karse

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
AD1, OC1, SF1, SG1, SI1, TE1

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