Rodrigues, A. D. I. & Cabral, A. S. A. C. (2012). Tupían. In Campbell, L. & Grondona, V. (eds.), The Indigenous Languages of South America: A Comprehensive Guide. 59-166, Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
[Rodrigues & Cabral (2012)]
Corrêa-da-Silva, B. C. (2010). Mawé/Awetí/Tupí-Guaraní: Relações Linguísticas e Implicações Históricas. PhD thesis, Universidade de Brasília.
Rodrigues, Aryon D. "Tupí." The Amazonian languages. CUP (1999): 107-122.
Any ancestors and descendants of the selected element are shown in the graph, but siblings and cousins are not.
The element in question is marked in green.
When the etymological tree is displayed in hierarchical style, the nodes can be repositioned manually only within their level.
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The graph as a whole can be zoomed in on by scrolling and can be enlarged by dragging the right-lower corner.
Left-click on a node or edge to show additional information and links. In some browsers, the graph may be savable as an image when right-clicking on it.
This map shows the etymological links in a geographic context.